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Continents

  1. CONTINENTS

There are seven continents in the world. Which are as follows:

1.Asia

Asia is the world’s largest continent and is the birthplace of all religions. Most ancient civilizations have developed along the rivers of the Asia-continent, which is why these rivers are said to be the civilization of civilization. Some important facts related to Asia’s continent are given below.

  • Asia accounts for approximately 29.5% of the world’s area.
  • It covers about 1/3 of the total area of ​​the world.
  • Asia has the first place in the production of rice, jute, maize, cotton, silk etc.
  • Largest Country – China
  • Smallest country – Maldives
  • Longest river – Yangtzeeanang
  • Highest mountain peak – Mount Everest (8850 m)
  • Largest Lake – Caspian Sea

2.Africa

Africa is the world’s second largest continent.  All  the oldest and most recent cultures are found here. Some important facts related to the continent of Africa are given below:

 

  • Africa continent is spread over approximately 20.2% of the total area of ​​the world.
  • It is the only continent through which the equator, circle and capricorn passes through.
  • 1/3 of Africa is desert.
  • Africa is at the top in the production of gold and gold.
  • Only 10% of the land is agricultural in Africa.
  • Africa is at the forefront of diamond and gold production.
  • Largest Country – Algeria
  • Smallest country – Meoti
  • The Longest River – Nile River
  • Highest mountain peak – Kilimanjaro (5895 m)
  • The Greatest Lake – Victoria

3.North America

North America is the world’s third largest continent.  It is also called the New World. North America was discovered by Columbus in 1492 AD. In its southern part there are many islands known as the Western Islands or the West Indies. Some important facts related to North America are given below.

 

 

 

  • Half of the world’s total corn production is produced in Asia .
  • It is spread over 16.5% of the world.
  • It is a very rich area from the perspective of forest, mineral and energy resources
  • Largest Country – Canada
  • The smallest country – Saint-Pierre
  • Longest River – Mississippi-Missouri
  • Highest mountain peak – Karnali [Old name – Mount McKinley] (6194 m)
  • The Greatest Lake – Superior

 

4.South America –

South America is the fourth largest continent of the world. About two-thirds of this area is spread in the tropics south of the equator. South America, Central America, Mexico and the West Indies are called Latin America. Some important facts related to South America are given below.

 

  • Its area is approximately 11.80% of the area of ​​the world.
  • A large part of it is wooded.
  • Largest Country – Brazil
  • Smallest country – Falkland Islands
  • The Longest River – Amazon
  • Highest mountain peak – Aacakagua / Aacakagua / Aconcagua (6906 m)
  1. Antarctica

 

Antarctica is the fifth largest continent of the world. It is located in the southern hemisphere, the South Pole is situated in the middle of it.

It is called the White Continent as it is snowy and 99% of the continent is covered with snow throughout the year. The first attempt to discover this continent was done by a sailor James Cook, but he could not even reach the land by crossing the Antarctic circle. The search for the mainland of this continent is attributed to Fabian Welling Shausen, who arrived at the continent of Antarctica from Vostok in 1820 AD. Below are some important facts related to Antarctica –

  • The land of this land is completely barren.
  • This is the only continent that is completely deserted and desolate.
  • It is completely located in the southern hemisphere and the southern pole is located in the middle of it.
  • Highest mountain peak – Vinson Massif
  1. Europe

Europe is the smallest continent of the Northern Hemisphere continent and is the sixth largest continent of the world. It is called the peninsula of the peninsula or the peninsula of Eurasia. Eurasia is the combined land of Europe and Asia. Some important facts related to Europe are given below.

  • Europe has 6.5% of the world’s area.
  • Important minerals of Europe are iron ore, coal, petroleum, natural gas etc.
  • There is abundance of forests, minerals, fertile soil and water.
  • Largest Country – Russia
  • The smallest country – Vatican City
  • Longest river – Volga
  • Highest mountain peak – Elbrush (5,642 m)
  • Largest lake – Ladoga
  1. Australia

Australia is the world’s smallest continent. Therefore, it is also called the island continent. It was discovered by James Cook in 1770 AD. This continent is located entirely in the southern hemisphere. It is the only country that is located on the entire continent.  Australia is rich in cases of plants, wildlife and minerals but there is a lot of water here.

Some important facts related to Australia are given below.

  • Capricorn circle passes through the middle of it.
  • This is the only country that has spread across the continent.
  • Australia is called the land of thirsty land because there is very little rainfall in its very large part.
  • There is a lack of water.
  • Largest Country – Australia
  • Smallest country – Nauru
  • The Longest River – Murray-Darling
  • Highest mountain peak – Kosciuszko Mountain / Mount Kosciuszko (2,228 m)
  • Largest lake – Lake Eyre