SIR ISAAC NEWTON (1643-1727): Isaac Newton was one of the world’s renowned physicist and mathematician and scientists. He was born in Woolsthorpe in England. He gave the three rules of motion. He is most famous for his law of gravitation and he was pioneer in the scientific revolution of the 17th century.  In optics, he discovered the composition of white light and integrated the phenomena of color into the science of light and likewise, in mechanics his three laws of motion have become the basic principles of modern physics.  He has written the books , Arithmetica Universalis, Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, An Historical Account of two notable corruption of scripture, Method of Fluxions, Opuscula mathematica philosophica et philological, Optive, sive De reflexionibus, refraction bus, inflexion bus,

ALFRED NOBEL (1833-1896): He was great Swedish chemist and inventor.  who invented dynamite in 1867 and galligineite, explosive materials in 1875, making him very rich.  Posthumously, he left an immense estate for the Nobel Prize, which is awarded for a special achievement in the field of science, art and medicine, literature, peace and economics.

AKBAR (1556-1605: Greatest Mughal emperor, Akbar is known for his liberal policy towards other religions. He introduced new religion; Din-i-Elahi.He abolished Jazia and pilgrim tax.

AMEDEO AVOGADRO (1776 – 1856):  Avogadro was great Italian mathematician physicist.  It is noteworthy to learn the in 1806; Italian lawyer Armédio Avogedro (1776-1856) left his profession for the study of physics. In 1811, Avogedro showed that in all the gases of the same volume, the same numbers of particles are equal in equal temperature and equal pressure. This rule is now called the rule of Avogadro. He wrote four memoirs on atomic volumes and designated affinity numbers for the elements using atomic volumes.

He did not receive much recognition and acclamation for his works during his lifetime and his contributions to science were recognized years after his death.

ANTOIN LAVOISIER (1743-1794): Antoin was a French chemist and is considered the founder of modern chemistry.   He gave the names oxygen and hydrogen. He is constructed the metric system. He made the first extensive list of elements and reformed the chemical nomenclature. He proved that sulfur was an element rather than …