National Human Rights Commission

National Human Rights Commission

National Human Rights Commission was established by the government under the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 in October 1993. There are a total of eight members in the commission-one chairman, a present or  former judge of the Supreme Court, Chief Justice of a current or former High Court, two members with expertise in the field of human rights and National Commission for Women, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Chairman of the Scheduled Tribes Commission and the National Commission for Minorities.  All members, including its president, have a tenure of ten years.

The National Human Rights Commission was formed by the President on the recommendation of a committee constituted under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister. Other members of this committee were: Lok Sabha Speaker, Home Minister, Leader of Opposition in the House and Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha.

Under the Public Code Procedure, 1908 (Code of Civil Procedure, 1908) the Commission receives all the powers of the Civil Court. The Commission can hear and act on any plea submitted to it or any petition filed by another person on his behalf. In addition to this, the Commission can intervene in any matter related to violence against the pending human rights before the court with the approval of the court. This commission is received by the Commission that it can inspect any prison by foreifying the concerned officers or according to the circumstances, delegate their powers of inspection of prisons to other bureaucrats. The treaties related to human rights by the commission are studied and necessary recommendations are made to make them more effective. Generally, the nature of petitions related to violations of human rights to be accepted by the Commission should be as follows:

  1. The incident should have taken place more than a year before the complaint;
  2. The complaint should be of semi-judicial type;
  3. The complaint should be uncertain, unknown or in the fake name;
  4. The complaint should not be of trivial nature;
  5. There should be no complaints outside the purview of the commission, and;
  6. Matters relating to consumer services and administrative appointments.

It is very simple to register a complaint in the Commission. Complaint is filed free of charge. Complaints received by fax and wire (telegraphic) are also accepted by the commissi…