Fundamental Duties

Duties and rights must go hand-in-hand.   Our constitution provides for eleven fundamental duties.  These duties were framed keeping in view the Indian tradition, religions, and practices. In fact, these were the duties that are integral to the Indian way of life. Originally ten fundamental duties were listed but with the 86th Constitution, the Amendment in the year 2002, 11th duty was added. It is noteworthy to know that the idea of Fundamental Duties has been borrowed from the Constitution of Russia (USSR).  These Fundamental Duties are described in Part IV-A of the Indian Constitution under Article 51A.

Text of Article 51-A PART IVA Fundamental Duties 51A.

It shall be the duty of every citizen of India—

(a) to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;

(b) to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;

(c) to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India;

(d) to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;

(e) to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;

(f) to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;

(g) to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures;

(h) to develop the scientific temper, humanism, and the spirit of inquiry and reform;

(i) to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;

(j) to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement;

(k) who is a parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child or, as the case may be, ward between the age of six and fourteen years.



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