INDIAN DEFENCE SYSTEM
Indian defence system is divided into three services- Army, Navy and Air force.
A. Indian Army has been divided into following seven commands:
No. Command Headquarters
- Western command Chandigarh
- Eastern command Kolkata
- Northern command Udhampur
- Southern command Pune
- Central command Lucknow
- Army Training command Shimla
- South Western Command Jaipur
B. Indian Navy has been divided into the three following commands:
S.No. Command Headquarters
1. Eastern command Vishakhapatnam
2. Southern Command Cochin
3. Western Command Mumbai
C. Indian Air force has seven commands:
S. No. Command Headquarters
1. Central Air Command Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
2. Eastern Air Command Shillong, Meghalaya
3. Southern Air Command Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
4. South Western Air Command Gandhinagar, Gujarat
5. Western Air Command Subroto Park, New Delhi
6. Maintenance Command Nagpur
7. Training Command Bengaluru
a. Border Security Force (BSF) was formed in 1965. BSF guards our international borders.
b. Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) was established in 1969. It monitors the large industrial complexes of Government.
c. Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) was established in 1962. It has been formed to monitor the activities in Northern borders of India.
d. Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) was established in 1969. The primary aim of establishing it was to assist the state/union territory police in maintenance of law and order.
e. National Security Guards was established in 1984. It consists of trained force and deals with the militants effectively.
f. National Cadet Corps (NCC) was established in 1948 to encourage the youth in the defence of the country.
g. Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) was established in 1920 to investigate the cases of misconduct by public servants, cases of embezzlement and fraud. It also deals with international crimes in collaboration with INTERPOL.
h. Intelligence Bureau (IB) was established in 1920. It collects information regarding country’s election.
i. The Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW or RAW) was established in 1968. Its main work is to gather foreign intelligence, engaging in counter-terrorism, promoting counter-proliferation, advising Indian policymakers, and advancing India’s foreign strategic interests.