The constitution of India has entrusted the Election Commission of India to superintendence, analysis and control the entire process of conducting the elections of the Parliament and the Legislature of each State and the posts of the President and Vice-President of India. The Election Commission of India is a permanent constitutional body. According to the constitution, the Election Commission was established on 25th January 1950. The Indian Election Commission is an autonomous and semi-judicial institution. Initially, there were only one Chief Election Commissioner in the Commission. Currently the commission has a Chief Election Commissioner and two Election Commissioners. For the first time on October 16, 1989 two additional commissioners were appointed, but their tenure was very low, which lasted till January 01, 1990.
Thereafter, two additional election commissioners were appointed on 01 October 1993. Since then, the multi-member concept of the Commission is in vogue, in which the decision is taken on a majority basis. Indian Election Commission is an autonomous and semi-judicial institution.
Chief Election Commissioner
Chief Election Commissioner of India is the head of the Election Commission of India. He is responsible for conducting independent and fair election.
Appointment, term, salary and removal
The President of India appoints the Chief Election Commissioner. The term of the Chief Election Commissioner is of 6 years or 65 years, whichever is earlier. Salary of the Election Commissioner is similar to the Judge of the Supreme Court of India. The Chief Election Commissioner can be removed only by the Parliament through impeachment.
The Commission has a separate secretariat in New Delhi, in which about 300 officers / employees.
Budget and expenditure
The Commission Secretariat has its own independent budget which is finalized by the advice of the Ministry of Finance. The Ministry of Finance generally accepts its recommendations for the budget of the Commission. However, the main expenditure on the actual operation of the elections, related constituencies of Union Territories and Union Territory Areas are reflected in the budget of the units. If elections are made only for the Lok Sabha, the expenditure is borne by the Union Gover…